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Kilimanjaro

Mount Kilimanjaro is a dormant volcano in Tanzania. It has three volcanic cones: Kibo, Mawenzi, and Shira. It is the highest mountain in Africa and the highest single free-standing mountain above sea level in the world: 5,895 metres above sea level and about 4,900 metres above its plateau base. 

The mountain and its surrounding forests were designated a game reserve in the early part of the 20th century. In 1973 Mount Kilimanjaro National Park was established to protect the mountain above the tree line as well as the six forest corridors that extend downslope through the montane forest belt.

Kilimanjaro region is populated by the Chaga (Chagga), Pare, Kahe, and Mbugu peoples. The town of Moshi, at the southern foot of Kilimanjaro, is the chief trading centre and base for ascent. As Kibo’s peak can be reached without the aid of mountaineering equipment, thousands of hikers attempt the ascent each year.

The forests of the southern slopes and surrounding areas are home to elephants, buffalo, and eland (oxlike antelopes). Smaller mammals inhabiting the forests include black and white colobus monkeys, blue monkeys, and bushbuck and duikers (small African antelopes). The forests also host a rich variety of birdlife, including the rare Abbot’s starling.

What to do here.

  • Hike to Materuni Waterfall and swim in its pool.
  • Take a dive in Kikuletwa Hot Springs.
  • Explore the treasures of Moshi.
  • Canoeing at Little Momela Lake.
  • Visit The Olpopongi Maasai Cultural Village.
  • Hike in Rau Forest Reserve.
  • Visit Chala Crater Lake
  • Walk The Shira Plateau
  • Climb Kibo Peak
  • Trek Mount Kilimanjaro
  • Visit The Olpopongi Maasai Cultural Village & Museum
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