Zanzibar Island also known as Ugunja, is the main island in the Tanzanian archipelago of Zanzibar. Stone Town, part of Zanzibar City, is an old trade center, with mosques and winding lanes. The 1883 House of Wonders is a former sultan’s palace with a clock tower. The Old Fort now houses a cultural center and a stone amphitheater. Underground aqueducts fed hot water to the late-19th-century Hamamni Persian Baths.
The main island of Zanzibar, Unguja, has a fauna reflecting its connection to the African mainland during the last Ice Age.
Endemic mammals with continental relatives include the Zanzibar red colobus (Procolobus kirkii), one of Africa’s rarest primates, with perhaps only 1,500 existing. Isolated on this island for at least 1,000 years, this colobus is recognized as a distinct species, with different coat patterns, calls, and food habits from related colobus species on the mainland. The Zanzibar red colobus lives in a wide variety of drier areas of coastal thickets and coral rag scrub, as well as mangrove swamps and agricultural areas.
Rare native animals include the Zanzibar leopard, which is critically endangered, and the recently described Zanzibar servaline genet. There are no large wild animals in Unguja.
What to do here;
- Bike tour to a local village
- Stonetown food market and street food walking tour
- Zanzibar spice tour with traditional cooking lesson
- Rock restaurant and cave tour
- Private tour to Prison Island
- Maximise on Beach Time
- Visit Misali Island for the Best Diving in East Africa
- Go Sailing on a Traditional Dhow
- Visit Museums in Stone Town
- Visit Jozani forest, the last sanctuary of the Zanzibar red colobus monkey.